If you haven’t been following the Sudan Uprising, here is a timeline of the most crucial events since then (partly taken from this BBC article):
- 19 December 2018: Protests erupt after fuel and bread price rises announced
- 22 February 2019: President Bashir dissolves the government
- 24 February: Protests continue as security forces respond by firing live bullets
- 6 April: Activists begin sit-in at military headquarters, vowing not to move until Mr Bashir steps down
- 11 April: Army generals announce that Mr Bashir has been toppled but sit-in continues as people demand civilian rule
- 20 April: Talks between the military rulers and civilian representatives begin
- 13 May: Shooting outside the military headquarters leaves six people dead
- 14 May: Military and civilians announce a deal on a three-year transition period
- 16 May: Talks postponed as military demands some barricades are removed
- 3 June: Activists announce the suspension of talks with the military, accusing them of using force to disperse their sit-in which killed more than 100 people and wounded at least 500 (for a video summary, click: here)
- 7 June: Attack on sit-in in Zalingei, Darfur
- 9 June: Total Civil Disobedience for three days
- 9 June: Janjaweed attack on Daleej, Darfur
- 10 June: Janjaweed attack on Zalingei, Darfur
- 12 June: TMC and Coalition for Freedom and Change agree to resume negotiations
- 30 June: Millions March
- 5 July: Military and FFC agree power-sharing deal, read details about it: here
- 9 July: Internet is back in Sudan and footage of the revolution to be released, especially from June 3rd
- 17 July: TMC and FFC sign a written document however a constitutional declaration is still to be agreed upon and signed. So far, the agreement remains silent on many of the ‘core demands’ the FFC was supposed to protect in the name of the people.
- 29 July: El-Obeid Massacre, security forces break up students’ protest and kill at least 5 protesters, 4 of them children
- 1 August: Millioniya march and ongoing protests condemning the continuing military rule
On Monday 3rd of June, the (Transitional) Military Council that had been pretending to engage in meaningful negotiations with the SPA (the body that represents the people and calls for a civilian government) and is pushing for general elections in nine months (which would lead to a re-establishment of military control disguised under and legitimated by a seemingly democratic process), lost its patience with the protesters and their peaceful sit-ins. They unleashed the Rapid Support Forces, formerly known as the Janjaweed (“devil on horseback”), to inflict the same terrorism and monstrous violence on Khartoum that they have been terrorising Darfur with for two decades.
To give a broad understanding of what this violence entails, it started off on Monday morning with setting the biggest sit-in in Khartoum outside the military headquarters on fire, burning tents and the people inside the tents. The Janjaweed proceeded to beat and violate peaceful protesters, urinate on them, throw them into the Nile (dead and alive, having attached the bodies to rocks so that they would not surface again), raping women, raping men, raping children (for example, raping a six year old girl inside a mosque). They have been out in the streets since Monday, breaking into houses and looting them and paying gangs to do the same. Simultaneously, the internet was shut down and the country plunged into a communications blackout so that the horrific crackdown would not be witnessed by the rest of the world.
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“We will never forget, and never (ever) forgive…” For those unaware, yet another massacre took place in #Sudan in the early hours of yesterday morning, on the last day of #Ramadam… the eve before what should have been a holy celebration, Eid. The Military Council (TMC) and their RSF soldiers stormed into the country’s strike sit-in, a designated base for the people’s revolution, where peace, unity and artistic revival thrived. It was nicknamed “Freedom Square” – a headquartered space for protestors to gather, express and peacefully demand civil liberty for their beloved land. After months of (purposely) delayed and failed negotiations, and previous attacks that killed over 50 unarmed young men, raped a number of our Queens and tortured hundreds more, the TMC and their RSF soldiers struck again. This time, in their usual genocidal form, they burned #Sudan’s “Freedom Square” to the ground. They murdered what appears to be up to 60 Sudanese citizens, raped, beat down and terrorized many more. They started their attack at approximately 5am – as our nation SLEPT, and continued their massacre throughout the day. We’ve also been informed that bodies are being thrown into the Nile river (hiding evidence), which explains the high number of people missing. As you slide, take note: 1. A video of a young man repeatedly saying: “The military, the military, while the people are sleeping? While we’re sleeping?” 2. A message of celebration for Eid (“May you be well every year”) at the destroyed strike sit-in, dispersed and destroyed by the TMC and RSF. 3. Madani Abbas Madani, a leading figure in the Declaration of Freedom & Change Forces (DSF, our representation throughout the failed negotiations for civilian handover). He was at the sit-in and very badly beaten. 4. Madani Abbas Madani of the DSF, standing next to members of the TMC, who displayed a show of partnership and willingness to meet the people’s demands, right before they completely battered him. 5. Our Eid has started with more bloodshed, more trauma and a repeated, paralyzing pain – graphically expressed by @wellyce. 6. Even in the midst of our beauty, there are devils. Hemedti. May you rot in the pits of hell.
Educate yourself about what is happening in the world, especially because your government is probably supporting these criminals that you feel so disconnected from. Hassan Minaj did a great job explaining the background of this revolution in the most light-hearted way possible: here. This is not a Sudanese issue, it is a humanitarian issue.
Here are basic guidelines which you can follow to help prevent another civil war (which will affect you, too, eventually):
There is a Sudan Uprising Master Document with links and resources to inform yourself about what is happening in Sudan and how to support: here.
Twitter/Instagram accounts to follow:
Nesrine Malik (Twitter: @NesrineMalik)
Official Sudan Page (https://www.instagram.com/sudan/)
Sudanese Translators for Change (FB: Sudanese Translators for Change STC)
Sudanese Professionals Association (Twitter: @AssociationSd)
SudanRise (IG: @sudanrise)
For well-researched political insight and advocacy, look here.
Für deutsche Berichte über die Sudanesische Revolution, lese hier.
Emergency Fund to support women and children victims: here.
SEEMA is an organisation which provides legal aid, psychological and social support for women and children who are victims of violence. The funds collected through this fundraiser will be transferred directly to SEEMA via a family member in the country.
Emergence Medical Aid for Sudan: here.
People are struggling to access food, basic amenities, and emergency healthcare. This gofundme has been set up by the diaspora in Manchester, UK, to support the people in the most need. Funds will be used to support the victims by purchasing emergency medical supplies and supporting hospitals caring for the injured.
Medical Needs for Army HQ Sit-in: here.
This fundraiser specifically targets the needs of the protesters at the sit-in so that they can continue their struggle.
Help Sudan Topple Africa’s Oldest Dictatorship: here.
Initially, this fundraiser was set up to pay for food, water, medical care, large tents, and all that is needed to support the people of Sudan in their quest for freedom and justice. However after the Massacre, part of the funds will now go to treating the wounded. The money donated goes to the University of Khartoum Alumni Association USA.
This is how you can top-up people’s phones in order to stay connected:
Raise awareness and support social media campaigns
Amnesty International call to stop attacks on protesters: here.
Petition to recognise the Janjaweed as a terrorist organisation: here.
Petition for the UK to condemn the actions of the TMC: here.
Petition for the UN to investigate the 3rd of June human rights violations: here.
There is a link to a twitter thread telling you the upcoming protests all over the world: here.
There is an app called ‘fire chat’ that works without internet (however needs to be downloaded using internet). Once downloaded, it can be a way of communication to spread awareness and information.
Familiarise yourself with the hashtags below and make sure they trend internationally, it is important to tweet it in English, Arabic and French where possible.
Write to your local politicians.
Why have people made their profile pictures blue? Read: here
In the diaspora, we must contact news organisations, politicians and most importantly our friends and family in Sudan. To show them that their struggles are not forgotten, call them and update them about what is happening abroad. Most of all, remind them to stay peaceful even if they have all rights to want to resort to violence to protect themselves.
The Janjaweed have been leaving weapons in the streets, hoping for civilians to pick them up and start fighting back. There have been reports of Imams being asked by the police forces to tell people to pick up arms, as well as reports about trucks circulating mosques making the announcement as if it is coming from the mosque itself.
Furthermore, every rape victim needs to take an AIDS shot/vaccine which can be provided from Noon Salah Eldin. You must let them know quickly because this shot needs to be taken within 72 hours post-rape. This is Noon’s contact: 00447480645029.
To everyone non-Sudanese: Your silence is lethal. Share what is happening, attend protests and stand in solidarity, donate to trusted fundraisers and find out how your government is supporting the Sudanese military. At the utmost minimum, ask your Sudanese friends how they are doing.
To everyone Sudanese: If you fancy yourself a revolutionary/supporter of the revolution, raise awareness not only for the centre, raise awareness for those who need it most and who do not have the means to speak to the international community. Namely: Darfur, Blue Nile State and South Kordofan. If this revolution will be successful, it will take more than “we are all Darfur” chants (because really, we’re not). We need to implement our goal of freedom and justice for all as much as we can, and this starts first and foremost with listening to the experiences of those who are (relatively) far less privileged than us and have lived through horrors for decades that we only got a taste of when processing the events of June 3rd. When demanding an investigation into the 3rd June in Khartoum, we must also demand investigations into the attacks on the rest of the country, rather than continuing to be complicit in their marginalisation and neglect. Civil disobedience was a strong statement in Khartoum and Port Sudan, however it was lethal in Darfur. People are being killed there for participating in the revolution. In the ongoing events and restructuring, pay special attention to marginalised areas and show the TMC that, just like in Khartoum, massacres there will not be tolerated or ignored.
SILMIYA IS OUR WEAPON
SPREAD THE WORD AND CONTINUE TO PAY ATTENTION: KEEP EYES ON SUDAN
In the meantime, listen to these vintage Sudanese sounds from Khartoum and Omdurman.
Words by Amuna Wagner